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Create A Practice That Serves Your Body

By: | Wednesday, January 15th, 2014 | Comments 42

I recently sent a link to an article about yoga injuries to a long-term client that I was currently seeing for a shoulder injury. My client’s response was brief – that although the article was interesting, she did not associate her injury with yoga. I felt compelled to respond to address this misconception of separating out cause and effect in movement and how we need to look at the integrated total effects of all our movements and how they are impacting our bodies. Here’s what I wrote to her:

I think there is great worth in understanding the prevailing trends of our yoga craft as they affect how and what we end up learning and consequently practicing more, rather than less, of. For example, the fact that head and shoulder stand are taught as the King and Queen of Poses or that Down dog is labeled a ‘basic’ beginner pose. A not-so fun newer trend development is the amount of shoulder and neck injuries from these ‘great; poses.  It begs the question: do we practice poses or just trends in poses? (Check out Mark Singleton’s book Yoga Body for more on this.)

Bottom line, as teachers, as long-time students, I think it would be negligible for us to not observe how the practice is evolving in our own culture and in our own time and with our own uniquely biased imprint on the subject.

As to your specific injury and whether or not it was caused by yoga, we actually will probably never know for sure. It certainly was not an injury you had during an actual class or practice. However, an ability (or an inability) to adapt to a situation of extreme usage, like what occurred at work, is a COMBINATION of one’s movement habits, posture and stress levels (both mental and physical). The poor posture and stress that resulted from the overload and work demand were obvious culprits in the short time span of the summer, but what about your movement habits/history that led up to that point? Perhaps if we consider it in that direction, the work demand was just the proverbial straw? How you choose to use your body in your yoga practice is just as important a question to ask as how you choose to use your body at your desk, in the car, in the kitchen, etc. As a bodyworker constantly assessing causal factors I have to ask, could the shoulder demands of your movement practice have set the stage for what happened at work? To that end, do you know what the physical shoulder demands are of the yoga poses you practice the most and how they may or may not be similar to the demand that faced you this summer?

I am seeing a surge of these types of shoulder injuries in my practice, (3 rotator cuff repairs/replacements in the last 3 months alone). Every single one is a long time (and in some cases, masterful) yoga student. Yet another trend in our craft that I see blooming is that our body of long-time practitioners is becoming a more aged one. Those who were practicing years ago are now in their 50s, 60s and 70s. Most (95%) of the injuries and surgeries I see are in this age bracket.

I do not say this to scare you or to poop on the yoga party in your life. I do hope it makes you BE(A)WARE that this is what is happening around you and your fellow yogis whether people are coming out to acknowledge this large elephant or not. (That open admission and acceptance (the pre-cursors to change) I think will be another trend–but hopefully sooner than later).

I know how beneficial yoga can be. But I also have seen what it can do to break the body down, slowly, gradually over time. Please hear me when I say, yoga can be good. Yoga can heal. Yoga can change lives. I believe, practice, and teach that too. But do you know what yoga poses are really the best and worse for you, and why?  It is certainly a tricky selection process to navigate in a classroom setting that presents a popular menu of choices that seem to satisfy the masses. Is your practice at home markedly different? I have seen yoga change bodies/lives for the good and for the bad. Can you say you really know what your practice is doing to your body? Most don’t until the damage has been done. (And I speak from personal experience here too.)

I want you to be informed and empowered as a yoga practitioner. Yoga, if anything, is about clearly seeing all that is and clearly choosing. I hope in my attempts to share my honest personal and professional experience that your curiosity and your passion for this amazing practice is piqued.

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About This Author

Lillee Chandra, L.M.T. is a former competitive gymnast, dancer and acrobat who specializes in teaching injury rehabilitation, prevention and self-care. She is a licensed massage therapist, a certified Yoga Tune Up® Teacher, the lead Anatomy Yoga Tune Up® teacher trainer for nationally recognized yoga schools and has assisted Jill Miller for several years. Known for her keen intuition, she compassionately leads anyone to become healthfully aligned in their life adventure.

Create A Practice That Serves Your Body

  1. isabelle deschenes says:

    wow! I realise how much is important for me to choose how I use my body in my yoga practice. If I want to keep practicing for a long time. I will be more aware about it now. Thanks

  2. Jason Koh says:

    Hi Lillee. What the yoga world needs is some strong studies in peer-reviewed journals evaluating the issues you’ve raised in your post. With the explosion in the popularity of yoga, there’s also been a concomitant push to certify more and more instructors whose qualifications are not always clear. I’ve talked with several friends of mine who took 200-hour RYT certification courses from well-known yoga instructors, and the shocking thing was that so little of the actual course time was spent on covering proper alignment and how to modify a pose for a student with some sort of limitation. So, a study that combines the evaluation of how long a person has been training in yoga, how experienced were their instructors on average, they styles of yoga they’ve trained in, the length of time they had been training when the injuries appeared, and age at which the injuries occurred could be incredibly useful. It may be that the number of yoga-related injuries is increasing because the average age of yoga practitioners is rising. Or it may be something else. The other potential problem is that with the public always hearing about the benefits of yoga, experienced practitioners who get injured while doing yoga are probably the most reluctant to step forward and share their stories with the rest of the yoga community. Why? Because by admitting that they were injured while training in yoga, the public is so enamored with yoga that the general assumption would be that the injured experienced yoga practitioner screwed up, even though that might not be the case at all. Thanks for writing about this important topic.

  3. Lita Remsen says:

    It is interesting to ponder how do take in information when it may conflict with their current beliefs. How do you try to move people along the continuum. It is amazing the number of people who practice with sore / injured shoulders and don’t associate it with their yoga. I am grateful to yoga tune up for the considered approach to anatomy / alignment and safe movement. Three cheers!

  4. Jennifer Whalen says:

    I find this article very interesting. Extreme Asana, whether alone or in combination with pre-existing weaknesses/imbalances already in my body, brought serious injury to my hip and low back. I remember when I first began experiencing the pain (constant low back pain, hip pain, legs would go numb, etc), I 1. kept practicing asana every single day for hours and 2. thought it was ludicrous to believe that my injuries came from my yoga practice. Before I started working with my teacher, I read an article he was quoted in the New York Times talking about the risks of Asana, and I was in disbelief. I didn’t believe it because I was addicted to asana, and I also didn’t believe it because the owner of the Yoga Studio I belonged to was saying it wasn’t true. That day she gave us a drill sergeant style class of intense asana, saying that the article was incorrect while saying at the same time that “injuries are a part of yoga”. Ironically, soon after this class I moved to the Omega Institute and began studying with the man quoted in the article, Glenn Black. I haven’t done asana in almost four years, which was very difficult for my ego to accept at first, but today my back and hip are almost pain free. So sorry for my rant, but what you are saying Rings True to me on a personal level.

  5. Kate H says:

    I think this can be a hard life lesson. We are told yoga is great for your body, but there are so many types and instructors who don’t know the mechanics of body at all. I’ve sat in yoga classes, where a teacher has made an adjustment that didn’t serve the student and put them in worse alignment or where an instructor has students jump back to plank. My body cringes thinking about how bad it is. What is wonderful about Yoga Tune Up, is that it teaches people to be in their bodies and pay attention. To stop being numb to everything and discover how their body works. I have one body and it is my job. I need it to work well for years to come. Fortunately, I am educated, but I still need to discover more of how I can make it work better.

  6. Laurel Beversdorf Laurel Beversdorf says:

    “I am seeing a surge of these types of shoulder injuries in my practice, (3 rotator cuff replacements/repairs in the last 3 months alone). Each one is a long time (and in some cases, masterful) yoga student.”

    I see the same thing working with teachers. It took me awhile, and it takes them awhile, to come to terms with the truth that optimal form in the relatively few joint positions required for the classic asanas (versus the thousands/millions available to you at your joints in basic human movement) cannot save you from your overall lack of movement diversity. Similarly, a diet consisting of only clean, locally grown, organic, non GMO broccolli will lead to health problems.

  7. Leslie Wright Leslie says:

    I feel tremendously relieved and inspired to be participating in a YTU training where so much thought and discussion has centered on not only the elements of the poses but on the appropriateness of poses for our students. Phew.

  8. Alison says:

    I think this is why I am so drawn to rolling. It helps me see where there is potential to refine my yoga practice whether there is room to expand or back off. The balls have been the catalyst to a new depth of understanding in my mat practice. As a teacher, safety is always my first priority. I am now starting to embody that priority for myself! Thank you, Lillee!

  9. Camille Morrs says:

    Wow, this article has given me courage to quit my membership and only have an at home practice! I’ve been nursing a shoulder injury for several months now, trying to do what I think is right for it but also hoping I’m not doing damage to it in yoga class. My hips love yoga right now but my shoulders don’t. So I think its time to go explore my body outside of the classroom where I can experiment with what poses are good for my body right now and which ones aren’t.

  10. Prem says:

    Thanks Lilly. My personal practice and my yoga teaching practice has changed significantly since I joined the Yoga Tune Up world. As a result, some like the practice and others are disappointed that they did not get the multiple sun salutations they were looking for.

  11. Nancy says:

    Great blog Lillee on the Asana practice that seems to be booming not blooming. So noted…. that people are taking Yoga to places in their physical bodies they have no business going. I recently as a teacher have been spending more time on pose modifications, meditation and the inquiry being that non-harming is my primary focus. I am so very grateful to be part of the Yoga Tune Up Community that has placed themselves in the “Pain Free Yoga” classroom.

  12. Jessica says:

    Yes! Love this. Especially the point about down dog being considered a beginner pose…every pose can be used as a tool for learning about your own body, and the more advanced practitioners are the ones who can find subtlety in every pose, especially the ones that are traditionally considered introductory. Those are the places we are most likely to forget that we are not masters–and it takes an advanced practitioner to stay curious and attentive there! Plus, aren’t these qualities (curiosity, mindfulness) the ones that help us protect learn to protect our bodies from injury as well?

  13. Erin says:

    Hi Lillie! Thanks for sharing your thoughts on this topic. It’s good to hear from a “yogi” that yoga isn’t this magical solution to curing all of our bodies ailments, and can, in fact, be quite the opposite. It’s a good reminder to always be conscious when practicing and to really take time to understand your own body so that you can practice poses in such a way that works with your structure and alignment. It’s also a good reminder to eliminate poses that don’t work for you. It’s not about being able to master every pose. Every body is different, and thus, not all bodies and built for every pose.

  14. Isabelle Barter says:

    Very well said. I have thrown myself into poses that require a tremendous amount of flexibility and strength that I did not have at the time just because it was what everyone else was doing or what looked cool. I have taken numerous classes where instructors have cued students to “hang out in downward dog to catch your breath” after a long sequence involving several sloppy chaturangas and arm balances where wrists have been over worked and shoulder girdles are literally hanging out. Any movement performed with poor alignment and added weight can cause harm.

  15. Liza says:

    Hi! Thank you for writing this article. It is important that people are aware. I recently had a knee injury that was caused by yoga which I did not possible. Since we are told the yoga cures all. I think being mindful is important to practice safe. I learned that lesson the hard way.

  16. Rebecca says:

    I am currently going through my 200 hour TT and this article touches upon something that has been on my mind a lot lately. I feel like during my teacher training journey my preferences in the type of class I like has shifted dramatically. I used to like fast vinyasa where I felt I could feel my mind transcend into the movements from pose to pose. Now I find myself preferring slower hatha classes where I can really focus on each muscle and my placement. I feel in these classes my mind transcends into the muscles and that is where I am finding yoga. The reason I bring this up is because while I was doing vinyasa I had a lot of bad habits that through the TT have been brought to light but I feel that if I were to have taken slow hatha from the beginning of my yoga journey I might have found it too dry and not satisfying to the mind. So this is my dilemma do I teach a slower class to get right alignment and prevent injuries or do I teach a faster class to get people hooked on yoga so that they can dig deeper into their practice.

  17. Cindy DeCoste says:

    Thank you for this great posting Lillee! It was not until I started practicing yoga regularly at home while preparing to teach my classes that I discovered that some poses do not feel good in my body and I need to either not do them or work the pose in a different way than how I’ve experienced them being taught in class. For example, I’ve been recovering from a long-term hip injury and recently discovered that “Frog Lifting Through”, a Forrest Yoga abdominal pose does not feel good on my hip. While the abdominal aspect of the pose feels great, the pain I was experiencing in my hip clearly was not good. In paying attention and BEING AWARE of the pain in my hip, I began exploring ways to modify the pose to see if there might be other ways to do the pose that might feel good for my body and might help my hip continue to heal. So far I have discovered that supporting my right leg with a block and/or putting my feet on the wall and activating my inner thighs and pressing my feet into the wall feels good for my hip. Supporting my right leg releases the stretch and pain in my right inner thigh and is helping to strengthen my inner thigh while also strengthening my abdominals – a win-win!

  18. Deepa Dravid says:

    So well put.. Yoga Tune up has brought that awareness in me. I teach with the intention to cultivate this awareness in my students.Thank you very much for such a wonderful article.

  19. Evelyn says:

    This is a great article about being cautious when teaching your yoga students. I wish more people would read this and take it to heart. I am always stressing with my students they have to work with the body they have not their neighbors.

  20. Melissa says:

    This post really resonated with me. I was diagnosed with rotator cuff tendonitis (right shoulder) in November 2011. I assumed it was from the yoga teacher training I was taking, but my physical therapist suggested it could also be caused/exacerbated by using the mouse on my desktop computer. I’ve made several modifications since then, both to my yoga practice and my work day.

  21. Victoria Ryder-Burbidge says:

    This was a great post. I just finished the YTU level one teacher training and we were taught over and again to let the practice work for our bodies not our bodies for the practice. Having been hurt while trying to do postures that are not for me has taught me that really listening to what your joints and muscles are saying is vitally important. As a teacher, it is ok to only show a modified version so your students realize that this is not a competition but something that is flexible (pardon the pun).

  22. Raisa says:

    This is a great post. Yoga is definitely not a “one size fits all” practice. It is important for yoga practitioners to develop a personal home practice that takes into consideration the specifics of their own body. In my case, I have been practicing yoga for two years with some degree of intensity since I do it every day. I go to yoga classes at the studio and almost practice at home. I am paying the toll for this. I am experiencing pain in my shoulder and knees and have to move out of the basic poses like Downward Facing Dog and Plank. After Yoga Tune Up Anatomy training I am more conscious about being safe with yoga and listening to my body. Now, I truly study the basic alignments of an asana, as simple as it may appear, before practicing it. Some are just not appropriate for my body right now, they don’t serve me and I don’t practice them.

  23. Kim says:

    Thank you so much for this post. To quote Sarah Court, “just because you can, doesn’t mean you should”. That statement liberated me as both a teacher and practitioner. As Americans, we’re so focused on competition and winning that we’ll do whatever it takes to make it to that peak pose, totally ignoring how it actually feels in your body to get there. Listening to your body and also being responsible for your own safety is key, but so is practicing for yourself and not for anyone else that’s in the room.

  24. Maya Talisa Maya Gil-Cantu says:

    “But do you know what yoga poses are really the best and worse for you, and why?”- This closing sentence was one of the most profound for me at this juncture as a practitioner and teacher. When I first started teaching I did what most beginners do, you sequence exactly based on your studies, and you mimic sequences of the teachers you enjoy. However, for myself, there came a time when I stopped and realized that I was tired of only leading classes and was ready to TEACH them and that involved added context to everything I did (thank you YTU for pushing me to develop this context tool). What poses are good? What poses are bad? WHY??? These are all questions that take a bit of self reflection and A LOT of study. When you take those questions away from your teaching it can be the blind leading the blind, and that can elevate the risk of injury in yourself and your students.end, you are totally right in saying we ALL need to BE(A)WARE, be informed, and be open to asking WHY. Thank you Lillee!

  25. Sarah Davis says:

    BE(A)WARE will change the way I approach my body and yoga. We often get lost in the relaxation or intense energy of our yoga, letting the ego override our practice and loose the purpose, true awareness, MIND-FULL-NESS, and develop injuries. Thank you for this awareness, it is truly important in our yoga practice and everyday lives.

  26. tao says:

    This article coincides nicely with the weekend-long tune up binge we just had. You helped me build a healthy respect for not only the body through the Tune-Up methodology and anatomy information, but also to how, as a teacher, I should always be AWARE of what I’m communicating to my students so they always reap benefits. Teachers have an enormous responsibility to promote informative dissection of our own bodies so we know how to move without creating more problems. I am so glad I got to be a part of the Yoga Tune-Up session. I feel much more comfortable going forward into my practice. Thank you!

  27. Jessica says:

    Awesome article, Lillee! One of my biggest take aways from our first two days of Yoga Tune Up was that we are always a student of our bodies. During our first weekend of teacher training last week, we broke down downward facing dog pose and many of us learned that our alignment was wrong, even though this is considered a “basic” beginner pose. My hands were not placed in line with my shoulders (they needed to be about 2 inches wider to be underneath my shoulders!). I had been in the wrong alignment after years of practice. It is important to practice yoga mindfully and not blindly go through the poses. I hope to impart to my students that they too are students of their bodies and carry the responsibility and knowledge I have gained from this training into my classes.

  28. Lara says:

    Respectfully exploring the boundaries of my body through yoga, as through many exercises and sports, is how I’ve learned what works for my body, what helps my body, and sometimes, what’s too much for my body. Many times I’ve had no one more knowledgeable or reliable myself to guide my attempts. I appreciate that YTU puts such a great emphasis on us, as students or our body, getting to know our bodies, and being accountable for what we do with that awareness.

  29. Lou Shapiro says:

    The origins of Yoga are “ahimsa” (non-harming). Asana was developed as a way to bring well-being into the body in order to more easily focus the mind – the ultimate goal of Yoga. What we practice in the West is primarily for fitness. But, neither of those pursuits condone inflicting bodily harm. That said, up until the age of 20 or so, the body is anabolic – building up tissue. After that, the body becomes catabolic – breaking down tissue. The more strenuous (or, for many, impossible) poses we associate with Level 3 yoga evolved for 16 year old Brahman boys. The teachers who brought these practices West brought them when they were young, & didn’t stay with their teachers in India long enough to evolve their Yoga with their bodies. … Just a thought.

  30. Marah says:

    The problem are not the poses themselves but the way they are thought. Any physical exercise that is practiced without knowledgable guidance – and we all need guidance of some sort – can be harmful. So to me, it is not so much the ‘trendy’ poses that are dangerous, but ‘trendy’ teachers, who don´t educate themselves properly and neglect the fact that they are the ‘authorities’ in class, letting students do whatever they think is good for them.

  31. Kim says:

    Our culture is so focused on achievement at all costs, that we often make the mistake of bringing that same kind of dogma onto the mat. So much so that pushing through pain can become a goal. It’s a humbling thing to admit that maybe your body shouldn’t do something just because it can.

  32. Christina Medina Christina says:

    I too know the many wonderful benefits of yoga, but I’ve also experienced the havoc it can wreak on the body when done improperly, or the pain it can cause because I’ve over extended my body’s own personal limits. I’m hoping that I’ll come to know what’s good for my body through YTU. Until now I just believed that mobility, strength, and openness will come through consistent practice. That’s what the yoga instructors have led me to believe. They wouldn’t steer me wrong; they’re the experts, right? I realize now how foolish that is, that I need to take responsibility for my own body and what it is saying to me.

  33. Amanda says:

    It’s an interesting debate but at the end of the day anything and potentially everything can wreck your body. What my yoga practice has taught me is mindful living on and off the mat. As yoga teachers and fitness professionals we need to educated and educators for any change in attitudes to occur. Keep fighting the good fight.

  34. Yvonne Duke says:

    Thank you for this honest and to the point blog. I agree with your insight. I am always telling my students that you can absolutely get injured in yoga. It has happened to me and I am constantly checking my own alignment. As others have stated, people believe that if they are moving quickly and increasing their heart rate, sweating more, they are doing something beneficial for their bodies. They seem to love the “bootcamp” style. This is simply moving the body without awareness for the most part. I was recently teaching a Vinyassa flow class and noticed too many “Bad Dogs”. So I switched my focus and instead taught a YTU Retrofit your Down Dog class. We talked of DOM’s , anatomy and then YTU postures to prepare for our peak pose of Down Dog. The majority of the students were very thankful for the explanation. Many commented, “No wonder my shoulders always hurt”. The good news is they loved it. I am so thankful for my training with YTU. It changed how I practice and how I teach.

  35. Jeannette Foley says:

    The title of this article certainly caught my eye and I appreciate the thoughtful responses. I’m a walking testimony to the sad truth that yoga is not a panacea and can cause injury if practiced carelessly as I am managing the inevitable shoulder injury resulting I suspect from the cumulative effects of 20 years of yoga and other fitness pursuits. But the risks of careless practice exist in just about every form of physical activity; it’s not exclusive to yoga. It’s emphasis on body mapping, on increasing an individual’s proprioeption is the inherent value of Yoga TuneUp as a conditioning method. I expect my teaching practice to primarily serve the middle aged, and whether my clients have been active their entire lifetimes, or are just introducing a higher degree of movement into their lives, my intention will be to perpetually educate them (as well as myself) in the biomechanics of the body and to help them clear out the dust in their bodies blind spots and bring strength and motion to these often ignored corners. I can only hope to be a change agent because it’s my observation as commentors above have mentioned, that many people can’t leave their competitive spirits at the door with their shoes. The challenge of teaching YTU is to hold the students interest while you educate and help them integrate the change enough to embrace and value the benefits.

  36. Kristin Gardner Kristin says:

    After reading the responses. I can relate to this on going discussion. A yoga teacher that I use to go to said, “You are injured during yoga then you are not doing yoga.” Sure if we are selfish and egocentric then we are going to go beyond what we are capable of because we are looking outside of ourselves. But we are human and not some ideology. So errors and blindness to patterns happens even with our best intensions. What I don’t understand is why you felt the need to write her the letter to correct her thought. What did that serve? Was it serving her or you? Did it benefit her? Did she come to agree with you?

  37. Sharrari Fit says:

    The only 2 injuries in my body are from practicing yoga and surprisingly while under the supervision of another teacher. Teachers not knowing what they were teaching and most likely not paying attention to what her student was actually doing. I had my confidence that the teacher knew what was going on in my body, and since I had never had an injury before, I trusted the teacher. Maybe that is the first mistake? Seeing it for what it is now, I actually grew from those injuries in a positive way. Learn to slow down and listen to the body and it has made me a better teacher because of it.
    My 2¢, just because you walk into a yoga class does not mean you should be doing whatever is asked.

    Yoga instruction is more complicated than it seems and should be taken very seriously. The body is complicated and delicate. We are rough on our bodies and our goals. Take a moment, understand what you are doing, break it down and attempt at your own risk and pace!

  38. Caitlin Vestal Caitlin Vestal says:

    This post of course makes me think of the William Broad article that caused such a hubbub a couple of years back. I’m still intrigued by how teachers (and students) seem incredibly divided on the topic–some seem unwilling to admit that yoga can cause injury, and so many others, like myself, think it’s a pretty obvious concept. As a former Vinyasa teacher, I can think of so many injuries waiting to happen that I’ve seen in my own classes, and so often students are unwilling or uninterested in taking the steps to correct the problem. As Ryan mentioned above, so many are there for an ass kicking, and the details or subtleties of safety in the poses falls by the wayside. I hope that this conversation continues to happen so that teachers and students alike are fully aware of the fact that yoga, like any movement practice, can cause injury over time. I think if it were a less sensational idea (again, thinking of the reaction to Broad’s article) it would be easier to get students to pay attention to alignment and subtlety.

  39. I went to a workshop with Bryan Kest a while back, and he said something in this vein that I always share with my students: unless you’re extremely conscious and aware of what you’re doing (both physically and mentally), whatever habits you have in the rest of life will be reinforced in yoga rather than corrected in yoga. Chances are if you got a shoulder injury from a pattern off movement that you do off the mat, you have that same dysfunctional pattern of movement on the mat too–and by practicing it you cement it even more.

  40. Jason Campbell says:

    This has become such a big topic lately on a few of the yoga facebook groups I’m on, and it amazes me how often i see yoga teachers outright denying that injuries can be created in a yoga practice, or defending headstand like it was a life or death situation. I hope we start to see a greater increase in teachers and students taking a step back and assess what exactly they are doing and whether it’s right for their body, not whether it’s the ‘right’ sequence to practice.

  41. Amanda Crutcher Amanda Crutcher says:

    Thanks for your post. Most valuable prosuits in life have risks and benefits. Yoga as one of these, especially, in its essence, demands awareness; however sometimes the persuit of awareness is hijacked by the desire to get somewhere in a pose. Kind of like driving a car without being away of the speed limit, yoga injuries are speeding tickets.

  42. Ryan says:

    It seems that most people are more attached to the extrinsic factors associated with a movement practice (physical performance or physique) rather than a positive physiological response. As a group fitness instructor, I find that most of my clients are looking for an ass kicking and anything less isn’t enough. It’s hard to balance between quality movement and the intense physical stress people associate with a great workout. I hope we can shift away from trends and make conscious movement geared towards longevity a sought after modality, for all time.

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